Saturday, December 14, 2019
Traveling or seeing places is an important part of our culture and education. One cannot believe a fact to be true unless one sees it. The education that we receive from schools and colleges does not provide clear knowledge or idea of places. We will write a custom essay sample on Travel or any similar topic only for you Order Now With the advancement of transport system travelling has become easier than what it was in the earlier days. The modern transport system has made the lives of the travelling people easier by decreasing the distance by the swiftness of vehicles. The prevailing journeys do not cost more than those were in the earlier days. The purposes of travelling are different for different people. There are some people who travel for the sake of pleasure. The people that are heavily burdened either at their domestic front or at their offices move too far off places for relieving their worries and anxieties. The poets and writers make a trip to distant places for collection of facts for their Writings. Businessmen also visit various places to enquire as to whether there are scopes for expansion of their business. It is common for statesmen to visit other countries to volunteer and provide help to a certain country. Travelling provides the benefit of sightseeing and gives Pleasure to the visitor. In addition, it gives a scope to an individual to have firsthand knowledge of variegated people inhabiting the world. One cannot appreciate the work of art created by master hands unless one visits places and things. The business people are made aware of the natural products of different countries by travelling. The intellectual outlook of students is heightened by travelling. We derive the benefit of getting ourselves acquainted with the characteristics of foreign people. The world outside becomes clearer than what it would have been under other circumstances by travelling. The superimposition of travelling remains on the fact that too is better than books. In different countries we come across people of different tastes, fashions, caste, creed, and colour. Once we know their ways of living it arouses a sense of brotherhood in us for them. By travelling we avail of the scope of making a change of thing. By Visiting Mountain and forest area we enjoy the wild beauty of nature. Those who lead their life in a populated city get free air and enjoy beauty by travelling. By visiting places of natural beauty our thought process is transported to a new region. We are capable of moving round the globe within a short time. How to cite Travel, Essay examples
Friday, December 6, 2019
Question: Discuss about the Advantages and Disadvantages of Using Social Networks in Business. Answer: Introduction The social media system incorporates the web-based communication technology which could be implemented by a company to share the facts and figures and communicate with other. In the current business situation, there are different social network techniques which could be exercised by a company such as Instagram, Pinterest, Facebook, Snapchat, Twitter, and WhatsApp. It is evaluated that more than 46 billion people use social networking system to interact with others and share their opinion through online channels. Wesfarmers Limited uses Facebook as a social networking system because more than 1.86 million of customers exercise this channel at world level. In the current scenario, a large number of the person who uses social networking system is young people particularly the scholar of college (Scott, 2017). In the current scenario, social networking plays an imperative role in the business function. Through this channel, Wesfarmers Limited can influence a large number of people and deal with business processes. It could be used to generate awareness regarding products and services amid customers. As a result, social networking system can gain the profitability in minimum cost and time. The literature review of this part entails the critical reviews, discussion, and detail of research topic is opined by different authors. This research highlights on the pros and cons of using the social network in Wesfarmers limited, Australia (Xu, et. al., 2016). Project objectives The main aim of this research is to analyze the advantages and disadvantages of using the social network in business practices in the context of Wesfarmers limited, Australia. Following objectives would be used to meet the main aim of this research: To identify the meaning and concept of social network To address the pros of using social network in business To evaluate the cons of using social network in business Project Scope The project scope is wider for the readers because social networking topic is recently highly used in business. The literature review is described by assessing different articles, journals, textbooks and online publication as it could be significant for business to create knowledge of using the social network in business. The project has also scope for retailers as it is significant for them to understand pros of using the social network in business. It could be also prominent for companies to gain the understanding of cons of using the social network in business (See-To and Ho, 2014). Literature review Meaning and concept of social network Rienties et al. (2013) stated that the social network is a website which facilitates people with homogeneous interest to come together and share their ideas, videos, and photos. The social network is a driving force in the current business practices. Social networking is a buzzword which could be implemented by a corporation to increase the awareness about the business and to gain the publicity of company. Hence, the social network plays an effective role in business to grow in long-term. It is sort of media which connects the readers and viewers through social media channels like YouTube, Facebook, and Twitters. In the existing business practices, a social networking system is executed to interact with current and prospect consumers. It also enables the business to create the awareness with regards to products and services in the targeted areas. Consequently, the company can hire the right person in the right place. In contrast to this, Rienties and Nolan (2014) discussed that social network helps to interact with the bulk of customer in across the Australian market. It also facilitates the Wesfarmers limited to expand their business by endorsing their products and services. There are different sort of business which dealt with the online channel. In the global market, the corporation may face complexities in terms of promotion and marketing of different products and services. Hence, the company should create a social network as it could be effective to obtain favorable feedback from current and prospective customers. In opposition to this, Wamba and Carter (2016) described that traditional sale technique could be effective to increase the revenue of a company because social networking is expensive and not reliable. In addition, people may visit via promotion and advertisement because it could not be ignored by a customer. Social networking may reduce the goodwill of a corporation in case customer gives their negative feedback on social sites as it can negatively influence the other customers. Advantages of using social network in business In the view of Stieglitz et al. (2014), the social network generates the awareness about the products and services between customers along with, it aids them to make their own judgment. Social networking is beneficial for a business to improve the relationship with the customers. It is analyzed that a large number of users has gained their online presence as it facilitates the opportunities to expand the business in all over the world. It is also evaluated that online communication is a rapid and comprehensive process which allows a company to build liaison with their customers. In favor to this, Dai et al. (2017) evaluated that social networking is effective strategy to enhance the ranking of search engine of a company as it could be effective to improve their goodwill at the workplace. The search engine optimization could be effective to attain the higher ranking and pull the attention of bulk of customers towards their business websites. It is assessed that there are about 58% of company who have improved their search engine ranking via social network. Moreover, a company can shift and create positive feedback for the company. In contrast to this, Malone and Kinnear (2015) exemplified that social networking is an essential strategy which has to boost its recognition in existing globalization period. In addition, social networking marketing is presented by the company for endorsing the products and services. As a result, it could be beneficial for a company to expand the precious information in minimum time to their customers. Social networking system provides the business connectivity at the international level. Moreover, social networking facilitates the people to interact with people and share their opinions and ideas. Therefore, it could be effective to construct the final buying judgment. Target advertisement could be implemented by business via online social networks at the workplace. It is an effective strategy to present the company data in front of the bulk of customers. This social networking system could be used by 24*7 hours by the business as it would be beneficial to persuade the customers tow ards their products and services. According to Dai et al. (2017), advertising strategy should be used by the company to endorse their products and services. There are different fee-based options which provide content to the company to target those customers who give preference to their products and services. It also facilitates the company to arrive at the bulk of customer and improve their image in the customers mind. Social networking could be beneficial to spread the news and facts associated with products and services. In the existing situation, Wesfarmers limited uses social networking sites to collect and broaden the data about their products and services (Ray, 2014). It is analyzed that utilization of internet and smartphones have been increasing in Australia as it could be an effective source for business to attract the customers through their products and services. In opposition to this, Ainin, et al. (2015) discussed that social networking enhances the relationship between users and company and helps to obtain business growth. It is assessed that number of people, who uses highly social media is gaining in Australia. Consequently, it would be beneficial to gain the publicity and supports the company to boost their revenue and business growth. From the different study, it is evaluated that approximately 53% Australian are loyal with respect to the brand because they follow the company on social media channels. Hence, it could be stated that social networking increases the loyalty of customers towards the particular brand. It is also studied that there are over 3 million of social media users in which about 2 million of users have active for more time on social media account (Chung, and Tung, 2013). Therefore, it is a significant alternative which helps to gain their valuable perception amid bulk of customers. Talukder et al. (2014) described that social media could be beneficial to attain the customers needs as it enables the business to frequently assess the customers desires and needs. Through the social media, the company can build their identical image in the customers mind by frequently respond to unfavorable comment and feedbacks. Furthermore, social networking could be imperative to enhance the satisfaction level. Social networking system is also implemented by business to pull the attention of customers towards their products and services as it could be beneficial to improve the effectiveness of long-term. The company should be aware while consumer gives their feedback and posts on their page. As a result, they can influence customers by resolving the issues rapidly. Disadvantages of using social network in business Kwon and Adler (2014) evaluated that using social media could be disadvantageous for business because it takes more time and efforts. It is analyzed that updating the new data and replacing the old information may take long duration. In addition, social media could lead to reducing the number of followers for a particular business. It could create different risks within a business because there is lack of personal with an emotional risk between the customers and business. In opposed to this, Palmer (2014) discussed that social networking has required legal consideration in business as it could be expensive for business practices. Moreover, effects of social media could be for shorter time and moved out after sometimes as it creates complexities for business to survive the business in long-term. It may destroy the goodwill of business because users can give their negative comment on the companys websites. But, at the same time, social networking builds competencies among business to reach at the bulk of customer. It also influences the customers to become a truthful user and influences the companys image. Turner and Shah (2014)stated that social networking creates fraud risk and theft issues in terms of advertising and marketing of the company. Mismanagement of social media may have a negative impact on the goal and objectives of the company. Business and legal risk could occur in case of company advertising through social media. Another risk could be related to loss of brand image and trustworthiness of company because deceptive information about the company can negatively influence the customers. Conclusion As per the above interpretation, it could be summarized that social networking system is essential for business when it wants to add a mechanism in existing globalization situation. In addition, a social networking system is exercised to improve the capabilities of business and to communicate with people. It could be concluded that different mode of social networking system could be used by business to reach at the existing and potential customers. It could be evaluated that legal and business risk could be faced by a business when using the social network in a business function. Moreover, it can be concluded that social network creates the different opportunity for a company as it would be beneficial to grow the business. It also improves the business links with their customers which aid to gain the productivity of a company. It could be concluded that misleading information on social networking sites may create negative publicity. In the last, it can be stated that when a company uses social networking system then it could be beneficial to produce a better outcome in the competitive environment. References Ainin, S., Parveen, F., Moghavvemi, S., Jaafar, N. I., Mohd Shuib, N. L. (2015). Factors influencing the use of social media by SMEs and its performance outcomes.Industrial Management Data Systems,115(3), 570-588. Chung, H. F., Tung, R. L. (2013). Immigrant social networks and foreign entry: Australia and New Zealand firms in the European Union and Greater China.International Business Review,22(1), 18-31. Dai, F., Teo, S. T., Wang, K. Y. (2017). Network Marketing Businesses and Chinese Ethnicity Immigrants in Australia.Journal of Small Business Management,55(3), 444-459. Kwon, S. W., Adler, P. S. (2014). Social capital: Maturation of a field of research.Academy of Management Review,39(4), 412-422. Malone, E. L., Kinnear, S. (2015). How and why: complementary analyses of social network structures and cultural values: improving flood response networks in Queensland, Australia.Quality Quantity,49(1), 203-220. Palmer, S. (2014). Characterizing university library use of social media: a case study of Twitter and Facebook from Australia.The Journal of Academic Librarianship,40(6), 611-619. Ray, D. (2014). Overcoming cross-cultural barriers to knowledge management using social media.Journal of Enterprise Information Management,27(1), 45-55. Rienties, B., Nolan, E. M. (2014). Understanding friendship and learning networks of international and host students using longitudinal Social Network Analysis.International Journal of Intercultural Relations,41, 165-180. Rienties, B., Hliot, Y., Jindal-Snape, D. (2013). Understanding social learning relations of international students in a large classroom using social network analysis.Higher Education,66(4), 489-504. Scott, J. (2017).Social network analysis. Australia: Sage. See-To, E. W., Ho, K. K. (2014). Value co-creation and purchase intention in social network sites: The role of electronic Word-of-Mouth and trustA theoretical analysis.Computers in Human Behavior,31, 182-189. Stieglitz, S., Dang-Xuan, L., Bruns, A., Neuberger, C. (2014). Social media analytics.Business Information Systems Engineering,6(2), 89-96. Talukder, M., Quazi, A., Keating, B. (2014). Virtual Systems in Australia: A Study of Individual Users' Commitments and Usage.Journal of Internet Commerce,13(1), 1-21. Turner, J., Shah, R. (2014).How to make money with social media: an insider's guide to using new and emerging media to grow your business. Australia: Pearson Education. Wamba, S. F., Carter, L. (2016). Social media tools adoption and use by SMEs: An empirical study. InSocial Media and Networking: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications(pp. 791-806). Australia: IGI Global. Xu, Z., Zhang, H., Sugumaran, V., Choo, K. K. R., Mei, L., Zhu, Y. (2016). Participatory sensing-based semantic and spatial analysis of urban emergency events using mobile social media.EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking,2016(1), 44.
Thursday, November 28, 2019
Admiral John Jellicoe in World War I John Jellicoe - Early Life Career: Born December 5, 1859, John Jellicoe was the son of Captain John H. Jellicoe of the Royal Mail Steam Packet Company and his wife Lucy H. Jellicoe.Ã Initially educated at Field House School in Rottingdean, Jellicoe elected to pursue a career in the Royal Navy in 1872.Ã Appointed a cadet, he reported to the training ship HMS Britannia at Dartmouth.Ã After two years of naval schooling, in which he finished second in his class, Jellicoe was warranted as a midshipman and assigned to the steam frigate HMS Newcastle.Ã Spending three years aboard, Jellicoe continued to learn his trade as the frigate operated in the Atlantic, Indian, and western Pacific Oceans.Ã Ordered to the ironclad HMS Agincourt in July 1877, he saw service in the Mediterranean. The following year, Jellicoe passed his exam for sub-lieutenant placing third out of 103 candidates.Ã Ordered home, he attended the Royal Naval College and received high marks.Ã Returning to the Mediterranean, he transferred aboard the Mediterranean Fleets flagship, HMS Alexandra, in 1880 before receiving his promotion to lieutenant on September 23.Ã Moving back to Agincourt in February 1881, Jellicoe led a rifle company of the Naval Brigade at Ismailia during the 1882 Anglo-Egyptian War.Ã In mid-1882, he again departed to attend courses at the Royal Naval College.Ã Earning his qualifications as a gunnery officer, Jellicoe was appointed to the staff of the Gunnery School aboard HMS Excellent in May 1884.Ã While there, he became a favorite of the schools commander, Captain John Jackie Fisher. Ã Ã John Jellicoe - A Rising Star: Serving on Fishers staff for a Baltic cruise in 1885, Jellicoe then had brief stints aboard HMS Monarch and HMS Colossus before returning to Excellent the following year to head the experimental department.Ã In 1889, he became assistant to the Director of Naval Ordnance, a post held at that time by Fisher, and aided in obtaining sufficient guns for the new ships being built for the fleet.Ã Returning to sea in 1893 with the rank of commander, Jellicoe sailed aboard HMS Sans Pareil in the Mediterranean before transferring to the fleets flagship HMS Victoria.Ã On June 22, 1893, he survived Victorias sinking after it accidentally collided with HMS Camperdown.Ã Recovering, Jellicoe served aboard HMS Ramillies before receiving a promotion to captain in 1897. Ã Appointed a member of the Admiraltys Ordnance Board, Jellicoe also became captain of the battleship HMS Centurion.Ã Serving in the Far East, he then left the ship to act as chief of staff to Vice Admiral Sir Edward Seymour when the latter led an international force against Beijing during the Boxer Rebellion.Ã On August 5, Jellicoe was severely wounded in the left lung during the Battle of Beicang.Ã Surprising his doctors, he survived and received an appointment as a Companion of the Order of the Bath and was awarded the German Order of the Red Eagle, 2nd class, with Crossed Swords for his exploits.Ã Arriving back in Britain in 1901, Jellicoe became Naval Assistant to the Third Naval Lord and Controller of the Navy before assuming command of HMS Drake on the North American and West Indies Station two years later. In January 1905, Jellicoe came ashore and served on the committee that designed HMS Dreadnought.Ã With Fisher holding the post of First Sea Lord, Jellicoe was appointed Director of Naval Ordnance.Ã With the launching of the revolutionary new ship, he was made a Commander of the Royal Victorian Order.Ã Elevated to rear admiral in February 1907, Jellicoe assumed a position as second-in-command of the Atlantic Fleet.Ã In this post for eighteen months, he then became Third Sea Lord.Ã Supporting Fisher, Jellicoe argued strenuously for expanding the Royal Navys fleet of dreadnought battleships as well as advocated for the construction of battlecruisers.Ã Returning to sea in 1910, he took command of the Atlantic Fleet and was promoted to vice admiral the following year.Ã In 1912, Jellicoe received an appointment as Second Sea Lord in charge of personnel and training. John Jellicoe - World War I: In this post for two years, Jellicoe then departed in July 1914 to act as second-in-command of the Home Fleet under Admiral Sir George Callaghan.Ã This assignment was made with the expectation that he would assume command of the fleet late that fall following Callaghans retirement.Ã With the beginning of World War I in August,Ã First Lord of the Admiralty Winston Churchill removed the older Callaghan, promoted Jellicoe to admiral and directed him to take command.Ã Angered by the treatment of Callaghan and concerned that his removal would lead to tension in the fleet, Jellicoe repeatedly attempted to turn down the promotion but to no avail.Ã Taking command of the newly-renamed Grand Fleet, he hoisted his flag aboard the battleship HMS Iron Duke.Ã As the battleships of the Grand Fleet were critical for protecting Britain, commanding the seas, and maintaining the blockade of Germany, Churchill commented that Jellicoe was the only man on either side who could lose the wa r in an afternoon. While the bulk of the Grand Fleet made its base at Scapa Flow in the Orkneys, Jellicoe directed Vice Admiral David Beattys 1st Battlecruiser Squadron to remain further south.Ã In late August, he ordered critical reinforcements to aid in concluding the victory at the Battle of Heligoland Bight and that December directed forces to attempt to trap Rear Admiral Franz von Hippers battlecruisers after they attacked Scarborough, Hartlepool, and Whitby.Ã Following Beattys victory at Dogger Bank in January 1915, Jellicoe began a waiting game as he sought an engagement with the battleships ofÃ Vice Admiral Reinhard Scheers High Seas Fleet.Ã This finally occurred in late May 1916 when a clash between Beatty and von Hippers battlecruisers led the fleets to meet at the Battle of Jutland.Ã The largest and only major clash between dreadnought battleships in history, the battle proved inconclusive.Ã Though Jellicoe performed solidly and made no major mistakes, the British public was disappointed not to win a victory on the scale of Trafalgar.Ã Despite this, Jutland proved a strategic victory for the British as the German efforts failed to break the blockade or significantly reduce the Royal Navys numerical advantage in capital ships.Ã Additionally, the result led to the High Seas Fleet effectively remaining in port for the rest of the war as the Kaiserliche Marine shifted its focus to submarine warfare.Ã In November, Jellicoe turned the Grand Fleet over to Beatty and traveled south to assume the post of First Sea Lord.Ã The Royal Navys senior professional officer, this position saw him quickly tasked with combating Germanys return to unrestricted submarine warfare in February 1917. John Jellicoe - Later Career: Assessing the situation, Jellicoe and the Admiralty initially resisted adopting a convoy system for merchant vessels in the Atlantic due to a lack of suitable escort vessels and concerns that merchant mariners would be unable to keep station.Ã Studies that spring eased these concerns and Jellicoe approved plans for a convoy system on April 27.Ã As the year progressed, he became increasingly tired and pessimistic and fell afoul of Prime Minister David Lloyd George.Ã This was worsened by a lack of political skill and savvy.Ã Though Lloyd George desired to remove Jellicoe that summer, political considerations prevented this and action was further delayed in the fall due to the need to support Italy following the Battle of Caporetto.Ã Finally, on Christmas Eve, First Lord of the Admiralty Sir Eric Campbell Geddes dismissed Jellicoe.Ã This action enraged Jellicoes fellow sea lords all of whom threatened to resign.Ã Talked out this action by Jellicoe, he left his post. On March 7, 1918, Jellicoe was elevated to the peerage as Viscount Jellicoe of Scapa Flow.Ã Though he was proposed as Allied Supreme Naval Commander in the Mediterranean later that spring, nothing came it as the post was not created.Ã With the end of the war, Jellicoe received a promotion to admiral of the fleet on April 3, 1919.Ã Traveling extensively, he aided Canada, Australia, and New Zealand in developing their navies and correctly identified Japan as a future threat.Ã Appointed Governor-General of New Zealand in September 1920, Jellicoe held the post for four years.Ã Returning to Britain, he was further createdÃ Earl Jellicoe and Viscount Brocas of Southampton in 1925.Ã Serving as president of the Royal British Legion from 1928 to 1932, Jellicoe died of pneumonia on November 20, 1935.Ã His remains were interred at St. Pauls Cathedral in London not far from those of Vice Admiral Lord Horatio Nelson. Selected Sources: BBC: John JellicoeFirst World War: John JellicoeHistory of War: John Jellicoe
Monday, November 25, 2019
Sexual Harassment and Internet Misuse on the Job essays In the workplace there are two issues that are faced everyday that are costing the company tons of money as well as employees. These issues are sexual harassment and misuse of the internet while on the job. Companies have to intervene with these problems, by creating policies and restrictions. Despite widespread publicity about the risk of sexual harassment, surveys demonstrate that many businesses operating in the United States have yet to address the problem. Moreover, recent news reports indicate that sexual harassment has reached the highest levels of management. Although businesses know it exists, they appear unsure of what to do about it. As a result, the specter of employer liability for sexual harassment continues to loom over the workplace. Failure to adopt a pro-active and aggressive stance on this issue, how ever, can result not only in costly lawsuits, but also in a loss of employee morale, decline in productivity, and an erosion of a company's public image. That businesses are still taking chances may reflect a failure to adequately consider the risks. This may prove costly because these risks have substantially increased in recent years. In 1991, Congress amended Title VII to permit victims of sexual harassment to recover damages (including punitive damages) under federal law. Moreover, in 1993 the U.S. Supreme Court broadened the reach of this law by making it easier to prove injury. As a result, sexual harassment in the workplace presents a clear and present danger to businesses. They must now act or face increasing risk of liability. According to the Civil Rights Act the US states that Sexual harassment is a form of sex discrimination that violates Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Title VII applies to employers with 15 or more employees, including state and local governments. It also applies to employment agencies and to labor organizations, as well as to the federal government. Unwelcome sexual ad...
Thursday, November 21, 2019
Synthesis of Waiting for Superman (the movie) and the Article Time to Stop Waiting for Superman - Essay Example tion but the role that the larger society, which is represented by government and other state agencies, through the powers vested in them by the public has to play seem to outweigh all other factors. This is because it is the policies that these people formulate and leadership that they give that determines a greater part of the outcome of the educational system. in this paper therefore, the two works that have been mentioned earlier are synthesized to know how they address the issue of education in the modern American context. Reading through the article, the theme that is developed is how unacceptable it is to try to fix the educational system through wrongful means. This theme is presented from the view point of the administrative story of Michelle Rhee, who was the superintendent of Washington, D.CÃ¢â¬â¢s public schools. The issues presented in the article have to do with how Michelle Rhee took over as the superintendent and within a very short time she was seen as a superman who was going to fix not just the ailing D.C public school but that of the nation at large. This is because from policies that she put in place, most of which were focused on forcing principals and teachers to do the right thing by putting in their maximum effort, scores from schools in the state started improving. In no time, she was hailed and referred to by many in public discourse. She even had the attention of big politicians like Barack Obama and went on TV. As it turned out, all her efforts were the product of massive che ating. Synthesizing the article information with the movie, Ã¢â¬Å"Waiting for SupermanÃ¢â¬ , there are some areas that the text can be said to align and agree on a common purpose. A typical example of this has to do with how both works treat the issue of standards of teaching. In the article, the author calls to question, the approach to teaching, where students are prepared only for to take tests, making Ã¢â¬Å"them better at taking state testsÃ¢â¬ (Stanford, 2013). In the
Wednesday, November 20, 2019
Health pyschology - Essay Example There are various reasons why patients fail to comply with medical treatment. One of the reasons involves the negative effects linked with certain medications. There are some medicines associated with an increase in weight and hence people fear that increased weight will impact negatively on their general well being. Others negative effects associated with certain medications that lead to non-compliance include a decrease in sexual drive, as well as other effects such as headaches and nausea. Non-compliance may also b caused by shame associated with taking certain types of medications. For instance, a HIV positive individual may fail to comply with treatment for fear of other people finding out of his or her status as it may lead to discrimination. The cost of medicines and medical treatment is also a major cause of non-compliance. Some treatments are very expensive and if the patient is unable to afford the medicine, then he or she is forced to discontinue with treatment hence non-c ompliance. Other factors that may lead to non-compliance include fear of developing dependence to certain medications, and also unavailability of relevant medicines (Mitchell and Selmes, 2007. There are a lot of intricacies associated with contemporary research on methods to measure compliance. Therefore, the methods currently used are considered conventional. These are grouped into direct and indirect methods. Direct methods comprises of laboratory techniques to measure the levels of certain chemical elements found in certain medicines in body fluids particularly blood and urine. The only limitation to this method is the fact that it does not detect the compliance to all types of medicines (Vermeire et-al, 2001). According to (Vermeire et-al, 2001: 334) "Indirect measures include process measures such as interviews, diaries, tablet counts, prescription filling dates and therapeutic and preventive outcome measures". According to a study
Monday, November 18, 2019
State of the economy - Essay Example It means that the U.S. economy has improved a lot as compared to the U.S. economy back in 2008. Based on the historical trend of quarter-to-quarter growth in real GDP, the U.S. real GDP tend to increase during the 4th quarter of each year. The trend strongly suggests that demand for products and services usually increase between October to December of each year. (See Figure I Ã¢â¬â Quarter-to-Quarter Growth in Real GDP on page 2) CPI is defined as Ã¢â¬Å"a measure of the overall cost of the goods and services bought by a typical consumerÃ¢â¬ (Mankiw 834). There is a significant relationship between the real GDP and CPI. Given that the real GDP falls into negative values, the CPI also tends to be at the lowest value. For instance, the real GDP during the 4th quarter of 2008 was -9%. As a result, the CPI during these periods was following a declining trend from 216.573 in October 2008 down to 210.228 in December 2008. (See Table I Ã¢â¬â Five-Year Summary of CPI below; Figure II Ã¢â¬â Five-Year CPI Trend in U.S. on page 3) Unemployment rate is defined as Ã¢â¬Å"the number of unemployed people who want to have a job but do not have oneÃ¢â¬ (Kennedy 36). The U.S. unemployment rate is somehow related to the countyÃ¢â¬â¢s real GDP. Since the real GDP was at the lowest during the last quarter in 2008, its unemployment rate started to rise significantly on January 2008. It means that there were a lot of companies in the U.S. that had to implement a massive lay-off or close down the company due to bankruptcy. Since the 4th quarter of 2010, the unemployment rate in the United States was moving on a downward trend. The continuous decrease in the U.S. unemployment rate was possible since the U.S. real GDP and CPI was somehow increasing. (See Table II Ã¢â¬â U.S. Unemployment Rate below; Figure III Ã¢â¬â Trend of U.S. Unemployment Rate on page 4) Other useful economic indicators include: the producer price index (PPI), interest rates, and export and imports. Specifically the PPI